White Collar Crime Defined
Many people are familiar with the term “white collar crime” but are not sure exactly what a white collar type of offense is. This type of case can be brought by either state and/or federal authorities. Depending on the specific nature of the crime(s), the alleged offenses may be in violation of local, state or federal laws. The most significant difference between “white collar crime” and general criminal charges tends to be a lack of violence or weapons involved with the alleged criminal activity.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation notes that the term “white collar crime” is believed to have been coined circa 1939. Now, the term has come to be defined as the acts of lying, cheating, and/or stealing while in commission of any variety of fraud committed by business and government professionals.
Types Of White Collar Cases That Receive Federal Attention
Typically, federal authorities with step in to prosecute “white collar” crime cases dependent upon the involvement of interstate commerce in commission of the alleged criminal offenses. Also, federal authorities are usually involved in prosecuting complex cases that are large in scope.
Former Pennsylvania Township Tax Collector Federally Charged
A recent white collar criminal case in Pennsylvania involved a former township tax collector. Melissa Arnold of York, PA was the subject of a Criminal Information filing by a United States attorney. In the filing it is alleged that during 2008 and 2009 Arnold stole in excess of three hundred thousand dollars from tax payments made by the citizens of Spring Garden Township, York County. In Arnold’s case, she is alleged to have received tax payment checks that were made out to her instead of the township. In this way she was able to deposit the checks in her personal account.
Arnold’s case is somewhat unique in terms of the sheer simplicity of the deception. This is usually uncommon in white collar criminal cases. Due to the fact that the means of executing white collar crimes often involve technological sophistication, the FBI and other federal agencies employ significant resources and covert tactics and methods of investigation in such cases.
Connect With Our Legal Team
All of the criminal defense attorneys at DRK Lawyers are former assistant district attorneys. We understand white collar cases and defense from both sides of the courtroom. We use our trial experience and knowledge of the government’s tactics to help defend our clients every day in the state of Pennsylvania. If you are facing white collar criminal charges, please contact our team today.